National Research University-Higher School of Economics






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National Research University-Higher School of Economics
040100.68, Sociology Master Program


№ №

Name of Programmes Disciplin

Pages



Sociological analysis of ideology

2



Anthropology of Regime Communities

19



Methods of sample studies

26



Contemporary sociological theory: models of explanation and logic of sociological study

46



Civil society, civility and the third sector

58



History of Social Movements

75



Social geography of post-soviet Russia: Cultural landscape

92



Cultural Sociology

111



Methodology and methods of sociological research

123



Biographical method in sociology

139



Cultural Practices of (Post)Modernity in the Context of the Theory of the Modern

158



Theory and Practice of Online-Surveys

173



Individualization and Intimacy

183



(Post)modern city: theories and research tactics

196



Social geography of post-soviet Russia: Cultural landscape

209

Government of the Russian Federation
Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution for Higher Professional Education

^ National Research University-Higher School of Sociology

Faculty of Sociology


Discipline Program

Sociological analysis of ideology


040100.68, Sociology Master Program
Author(s) of the syllabus:

Roman Abramov

e-mail: socioportal@yandex.ru

Moscow, 2013

This current syllabus cannot be used elsewhere in the university or at other universities without the expressed permission of the department or the author.
1. Course Aims
This course is concerned with an epistemological explication of ideology in terms of social theory. Ideology has two interrelated perspectives: 1) ideology as an element of conceptual apparatus for sociological theories, 2) ideology as an object of sociological analysis to be used in empirical research methods.
The main objectives of the course are:

  • To study theoretical evolution of the concept of ideology in modern social theory and a thorough analysis of key concepts of ideology;

  • To explain methods of “analytical distillation” of political, literary, advertising messages, including products of modern mass-media in order to get an ideological "extract";

  • To get students familiar with analytical tools of generating ideologically-saturated texts for understanding the mechanisms of generation of ideologies in a space of communication.


In the course, interpretations of ideology are reviewed. The course also offers mapping of the most important theoretical routes which helps not only to learn the key concepts of the sociology of ideology but also to acquire the skills of practical analytical work with ideological constructs.
2. The Main Competences that Students will Acquire


  • Understanding the basic concepts of "ideology" and how to operationalize them; understanding the basic theoretical perspectives and trends in the study of ideology (Marxism, neo-Marxism, structuralism, post-structuralism, non-Marxist interpretation);

  • Understanding the basic concepts of classification of ideology in the social sciences and methods of their study; learning the basic approaches in the sociology of ideology, key concepts and categories related to the main subject, such as "discourse", "episteme", "paradigm", "belief", "outlook", "knowledge", etc.

  • Being able to independently and critically analyze contemporary ideological practices with the use of received methodological skills;

  • Being able to produce, select, process and analyze data on social processes and social communities.

  • Being able to apply various sociological theories of ideology for interpretation of empirical cases.

  • Skills of using empirical methods for analyzing ideology (critical discourse analysis, etc.) to study of artifacts.

  • Skills of scientific analysis of socio-political issues and processes in the context of the critique of ideology;

  • Skills of interpretation of sociological data and materials;

  • Skills of analytical reading of texts with the use of ideology research methods;

  • Skills of formulation of goals and objectives, designing research strategy in studies of different phenomena of social reality with the use of concepts of the analysis of ideology.


^ 3. Thematic Plan for the Academic Discipline



Title of the topic

Course Hours

Lecture Hours

Seminar and Practice sessions

Self-reliant work

1

"Pre-classical" phase of the history of ideology.

4

3

3

16

2

Ideology as "a false consciousness": the classic Marxist analysis of ideology.

6

3

3

16

3

Grounds of the neo-Marxist analysis of ideology: G. Lukacs and A. Gramsci

6

3

3

16

4

Ideology, utopia and the sociology of knowledge.

6

3

3

16

5

Critical storm on modern society as a project of the Enlightenment: the Frankfurt School

5

2

3

16

6

Structural Marxism: totalization of ideological reality.

6

3

3

16

7

Functionalist and anthropological interpretation of ideology: the non-Marxist alternative.

6

3

3

16

8

Poststructuralist analysis of ideology: from theoretical pluralism to ideological indoctrination of postmodern intellectuals.

6

3

3

16




Review of methods of ideological analysis.

6

3

3

16




The ideological critique of contemporary capitalism: theoretical view

5

3

2

16


^ 4. Graded Materials


  • Essay: 1700-2400 words

  • Written home assignment (an analysis of a case): 300-500 words

  • In-class written assignment: 70 minutes

  • Final examination


Participation in discussions on seminars and reports are also taken into account in a final mark.
^ 5. Discipline Contents
Textbook

Ридер по курсу «Социологический анализ идеологии» (автор, Р.Н. Абрамов)
Theme 1. "Pre-classical" phase of the history of ideology.

The Enlightenment Project and the science of ideas (Destutt de Tracy and philosophers "ideologues"). Ideology as a religion of the modern era. Creation of a space of public discourse as a medium of emergence and spread of ideologies. Public opinion and civil society. Is Comte's sociology a form of ideology?
Required Reading

  1. Антисери Д. и Реале Дж. Западная философия от истоков до наших дней. От Возрождения до Канта./В переводе и под редакцией С. А. Мальцевой. С-Петербург, "Пневма", 2002,Часть 8. Разум в культуре Просвещения.

  2. Фуко М. Что такое просвещение.

  3. Introduction/Ideology. Ed by J.Eagleaton. New York:1994 (в файлах)

  4. Schmidt J. What Enlightenment Project?//Political Theory, Vol.28, No 6 (Dec.,2000), pp.734-757.


Recommended Reading

  1. Грей Дж. Поминки по Просвещению. Политика и культура на закате современности. М.: Праксис, 2003.

  2. Хайек Ф.А. Контрреволюция науки. Этюды о злоупотреблениях разумом. М.: ОГИ, 2003.

  3. Lemert Ch. The End of Ideology, Really//Sociological Theory, Vol.9, No.2 (Autumn 1991), pp.164-172.


Theme 2. Ideology as "a false consciousness": the classic Marxist analysis of ideology.

"The German Ideology" and the reinterpretation of the concept by K. Marx: Hegelian roots of Marxist analysis of ideology. Ideology as an illusory form of class struggle. False consciousness and ideological domination. Ideology as a symbolic reflection of interests of the ruling class. "Manifesto of the Communist Party" as a product of ideological discourse and "The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte" as an example of ideologically-oriented analysis of political situation. An understanding of Marx's critique of ideology.
Required Reading

  1. Маркс К. Восемнадцатое брюмера Луи Филиппа

  2. Маркс К. Немецкая идеология (любое издание)

  3. Маркс К., Энгельс Ф. Манифест коммунистической партии. (любое издание)

  4. Doyle McCarthy E. The Uncertain Future of Ideology: Rereading Marx//The Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Aug., 1994), pp. 415-429.


Recommended Reading

  1. Райх В. Идеология как материальная сила/ридер

  2. Abercrombie N., Turner B. The Dominant Ideology Thesis// The British Journal of Sociology, Vol.29, No.2 (Jun. 1978), pp.149-170.

  3. Gouldner A. The Dialectic of Ideology and Technology: The Origins, Grammar and Future of Ideology. New York: Seabury, 1976.


Theme 3. Grounds of neo-Marxist analysis of ideology: G. Lukacs and A. Gramsci

Revolutions of 1917-1921 in Europe and intensification of mass movements. Remakes of Marx's approach to ideology: class consciousness (G. Lukacs) and hegemony (A. Gramsci). Ideology and class consciousness. The party as a vehicle of the class ideology of the proletariat. Ideology as an instrument of class struggle (G. Lukacs). The symbolic hegemony and civil consent (A. Gramsci). The role of organic and traditional intellectuals in the production of ideology (A. Gramsci). The revolutionary ideology and practice as means of mobilizing classes.
Required Reading

  1. Грамши А. Тюремные тетради. В 3 ч. Ч.1. Пер с ит. Политиздат, 1991.

  2. Дмитриев А.Н. Марксизм без пролетариата: Георг Лукач и ранняя Франкфуртская школа (1920-1930е гг.) СПб: Европ. Ун-т. М.: Летний сад, 2004, с.145-222.

  3. Лукач Г. История и классовое сознание. Исследования по марксисткой диалектике М.: Логос-Альтера, 2003, с.145-303.(в файлах)


Recommended Reading

  1. Лукач Д. К онтологии общественного бытия. Пролегомены. М.: Прогресс, 1991, с.173-347 (в файлах)

  2. Уолцер М. Компания критиков: Социальная критика и политические пристрастия ХХ века. М.: Идея пресс, ДИК, 1999, 125-151.

  3. Eyerman R. False Consciousness and Ideology in Marxist Theory//Acta Sociologica, Vol. 24, No. 1/2, Work and Ideology (1981), pp. 43-56.


Theme 4. Ideology, utopia and the sociology of knowledge

Karl Mannheim: partial and total ideology. Historicist reinterpretation of the concept of ideology as a false consciousness. The sociology of knowledge as a return to the scientific analysis of ideology. Ideology, tradition, and Utopia (E. Shatsky). Typology of utopias: the classical and post-classical. Utopias and ideological thinking.
Required Reading

  1. Манхейм К. Идеология и утопия//Манхейм К. Диагноз нашего времени. М.: Юрист, 1994, с.52-95.

  2. Шацкий Е. Утопия и традиция. М.: Прогресс, 1990, с.15-194.

  3. Кумар К. Марксизм и утопия. // Общественные науки и современность. 1992.  № 3. с.125-135. http://www.ecsocman.edu.ru/ons/msg/282457.html


Recommended Reading

  1. Дубин Б. Литература как фантастика: Письмо утопии. // Дубин Б. Слово-письмо-литература. Очерки по социологии современной культуры. М.,2001. с.20-41. http://novruslit.ru/library/?p=19

  2. Абрамов Р.Н. Менеджериализм: экономическая идеология и управленческая практика//Экономическая социология, Том 8, № 2, 2007 с. 93-102

  3. Иконников А.В. Утопическое мышление и архитектура М: Архитектура-С, 2004.

  4. Wallerstein I. Marxisms as Utopias: Evolving Ideologies//American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 91, No. 6 (May, 1986), pp. 1295-130

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